Balkrishna Doshi was the first Indian architect to win the Pritzker Prize in four decades of history. The Nobel Prizes were awarded the Doshi Prize in recognition of nearly 70 years of career, as announced today.
Doshi is one of the leading builders of houses in mainland India and is famous for its affordable housing design and public amenities. His praise projects at Tagore Hall Tagore Ahmedabad Aranya and the development of cheap housing, a collection of more than 6500 apartments in the city of Indore.
Architects and city planners, who switched last year to 90, described the decision as “a big surprise” in the Ahmedabad phone conversation where he lived and worked. But Doshi demanded performance in Indian cities and economic development.
“It is important to me that this award has come to India – of course, for me, but for India,” he said. “Decision makers, cities – everyone thinks there is something called ‘good architecture’ (and) sustainable things can happen (only), we can start talking about municipalities and urban planning …”
Indian Pioneers in Housing
Today’s announcement marks a significant milestone in prices that have been criticized for lack of diversity. To date, more than two-thirds of the Pritzker graduates come from Europe or North America.
Over the past decade, three Japanese architects have applied for gifts, such as Chinese Wang Shu and Alejandro Aravena Chile.
In addition to the first Pritzker prize winner in South Asia, the Doshi differs from the recent winners because it has no place abroad by its name. Although often taught abroad, most of his work has taken place in India as a sign of his commitment to using architecture as a common good.
“In India, we talk about housing, talking about dove, talking about the village, talking about the city – everyone speaks, but who will actually do something about it?” She asked. “I made a personal decision to work on the” second half “- I worked for them and tried to correct them.”
The above Low Cost Housing Project is suitable for more than 80,000 people. For Doshi’s pioneering residential complex, it has a complex network of combined corridors, courtyards and public areas.
Referring to his childhood encounters with “extreme poverty,” Doshi hopes to win the most desirable architectural gifts he can pay attention to as social housing in India.
“These people have nothing – no land, no place, no work,” he said. “But if the government gives them a piece of land, they may feel,” I go to work and find a way to build my own house. “If you combine them with the community, there is great cooperation, sharing, understanding and distribution of religion, isolation, habits and professions.
“When I presented the 30 years of this visit (I think people), we put high feet for water pipes and toilets.Today, they are two floors of three floors, they are built alone … They are multicultural income groups – and they all live together, talk and communicate. ”
Desire to join “
Doshi was born in Pune, about 100 miles from Mumbai and worked in the early fifties under Le Corbusier in Paris. He returned to India to oversee projects to celebrate the Franco-Swiss architects Chandigarh and Ahmedabad, which was the last city to open its own company Vastu Shilpa Consultants in 1956.
Since then, the company has completed more than 100 projects in Ahmedabad and other Indian cities such as Bangalore, Hyderabad and Jaipur. The most famous public buildings of Doshi consist of a Jabalpur Electric Board in the state of Madhya Pradesh, Bangalore Management Institute of India and attracted the Center for Architecture Studies in Ahmedabad, which served as founding director.
But the company also worked in private homes and art galleries, such as the Gufa of Amdavad, an underground dome museum prominently on playgrounds. Doshi’s most famous design is his studio called Sangath, which features a collection of thick cylindrical concrete.
Whether the values of modernism Le Corbusier or flirtation with brutalism in the sixties, Doshi’s work is still a subtle local tradition. Pritzker awarded 10 experts led by Australian architects and Laureate 2002, Glenn Murcutt – described his commitment to Indian architecture.
“For many years, Balkrishna Doshi has always created an unprecedented architecture or its successor to the trend,” read the jury of the statement. “After a great sense of responsibility and a desire to contribute to his nation and country of high quality, authentic architecture, he has created projects for public authorities and utilities, educational and cultural and residential institutions for private clients, among others.
Doshi is aware of the connection where the building is located, “the statement said. The solution takes into account the social, environmental and economic dimensions and, therefore, the architecture that is totally committed to sustainable development. ”
Now, for 40 years, Pritzker is handed over to a living architect (or architect) who presents a combination of talent, vision and commitment. “Philip Johnson claimed the first prize in 1979, and other major winners included Frank Gehry, Norman Foster, Rem Koolhaas and Zaha Hadid late.
Founded by Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy – a member of the American family behind the Hyatt Hotel chain – an annual gift model after the Nobel Prize. Doshi is worth $ 100,000 to collect bronze at a ceremony held at the Aga Khan Museum in Toronto on March 16