Girls first years of elementary school are less likely than men to say that their own sex is “very, very smart,” and less likely to choose the game you announce super-intelligent children learn.
The study, which appears in the journal Science on Thursday, comes amid an effort to discover why women are underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics, or STEM, fields. The line of research on stereotypes and how they can affect your academic and career choices.
Andrei Cimpian, a professor of psychology at New York University and author of the study, said that laboratory work showed that women are very underrepresented in both STEM and human sciences whose members do you think you need to excel at – it is said , Is re so – to be successful.
“You may think that from these stereotypes in college, but we know a lot of development that children are very consistent social signs,” said Cimpian. So he decided to look for children 5-7, the period in which the stereotype seems to begin to understand.
The researchers conducted a series of tests, including 400 children. Together, they took 96 children and asked them some brilliance and gender questions. They were informed of a tale of someone who was “very, very clever”, and then asked to choose the main character to four pictures of two men and two women.
There are many questions, boys aged 5 and said, sex is smart 71 percent of the time, versus 69 percent of the time girls. Children under six years of age, the figure was 65 percent of boys and 48 percent of girls. E-children aged seven are 68 percent of boys and 54 percent of girls.
“The surprising thing is that already, at the age of six, girls and boys will say different things,” said Sapna Chery, a professor of psychology at the University of Washington who was not involved in the study. “Before they had heard of physics or computer science they would get this message.”
Another experience has shown that women, even older children are less likely to be associated with the excellence of their own sex, they (rightly) considered that age, girls are more likely to take good grades in school.
And a second attempt at the beginning of the appeal 6 and 7-year-old and two of the same fancy type game, aimed at “children who are very, very smart” and the other “children, who are really trying, really very loud. “Girls are less interested in boys game focuses on smart kid, but the interest in the game is the flagship of it.
The study failed to explain how to get this message to children and how they can be modified, said Cimpian. He is planning a long-term study that will measure children’s environmental factors, such as the media and parents’ trust. It will be a better understanding of what factors predict the appearance of stereotypes, and the levers are available to change the display position.
Research shows that the role model can “inject” women and members of other underrepresented groups. So the movie hidden in the figures of African-American women in NASA math in the late 1950s and early 1960s, the color field and STEM teens may seek inspiration later.
But it’s also important to take a step back and ask what the objectives of the intervention should be, Chery said.
The girls, after all, were divided into roughly equal beauty combined with sex, he said. Boys are more likely to make sex a person. Does it include helping to think more girls than men, or needs vice versa? Cimpian said it’s important not to fall into the trap of always assuming that girls have to change. But, he said, that girls at this age are generally very positive for their own sex, to ensure that all deviations from normal can suggest the beginning of a negative attitude.
Another approach is to change the characterization of your own self-discipline, that some areas require a genius rather than a difficult existence.
“Stereotypes are all about a natural,” said Cimpian. When a child instead exposed to the idea that success does not come as firm ability, but because of the hard work of time (called concept of “growth mindset”, developed by psychologist Stanford Carol Dweck) can be stereotyped