Once you have been used for over 25 years, neuroscientists have recently announced that the UK have found an exceptional kegelcel woman – the recipient cells recognize the color – in the eyes.
According to estimates, this means that they can see an extraordinary 99 million colors more than others, and the researchers found that it is only a group of people with supervision, which they call the “tetrachromaten” that lives among us.
Most people are trichromate, which means we have our three cell types of emphasis on our eyes.
Each conventional cell can differentiate about 100 colors. By combining all possible combinations of the three cartiokennons, we can differentiate about one million different colors.
Most people who are just color blind have two types of cell cells that work so they can see only 10,000 shades – and almost all other mammals such as the New World dog and monkey are also dichromate.
However, there is a doctor in the north of England where there are four kegelceltypes where the potential difference between the number of colors can be up to 100 million – the colors do not make most of us dreaming.
Only known as cDa29, the researchers found this woman two years ago but have been available for over 25 years. And they think there are more tetrachromes than he.
So how do you get the fourth kind of conventional cell?
This idea was first proposed to the tetracromatist of the Dutch scientist HL de Vries in 1948, who discovered something interesting in color blindness.
Despite color blindness, only two cone cells in normal and mutant cone, which are less sensitive to green or red light, it indicates that mothers and blind girls are cone mutant and three normal nuclei.
That means they have four different kartiokennoa, although only three work as usual – something that has never been heard before.
Despite the importance of the decision, one in the late eighties paid attention to tetrachromates when John Mollon, of Cambridge University, sought out women with four active cans
Assuming that the spirits of the blind, these girls are the fourth cardiocnon, Mollon estimates that about 12% of the missionaries will be circumcised.
But all tests have shown that this woman is exactly the same color can save the rest of us – which means only three uses of their kegelcel lines, so they are not real tetrachromaten.
University of Newcastle in the UK
In 2007, neurologist Gabriele Jordan of the University of Newcastle in the UK, who previously worked with Mollon, decided to try out a few different tests to find this control.
She took 25 women with the kind of cell that knocked the room down and placed it in a dark room. In luminous devices, three colored light circuits look into the eyes of these women.
Their trichromatic, all look at the same, but Jordan presumed that the real tetracromate can remove them, because of the excess of delicacy that receives the fourth cone.
Many of the women tested, cDa29, can distinguish between three different colored circles in each test.
So if so many colors these people have four hitchhiking because löydöimme is just a real tetrakromaatine?
First, the troops were only in the UK. But the biggest problem Jordan found most of the royal tetractorat. Never use four cone of solutyppiään and never noticed that they have a special vision.
“We now know that Tetrachromation exists,” he told Greenwood. “But we do not know, which means that someone may be tetrachromatic function, when most women with four women do not.”
Jay Neitz, a researcher at the University of Washington who is not involved in this study, believes that it will be possible to train and plan in certain colors to be completely excluded from the forces of tetracromatids.
“Most of what we see as colorless, made by people trying to make the color work trikromaate,” he said. “It is possible that the whole world is in the trichromatic world.”
In other words, the colors used are so limited that the kartiokenno room does not work.
CDa29 research has not been evaluated or published, and Jordan continues its research and is seeking further research.
There is more work, and Jordan’s results should be repeated and revised. But if we are able to confirm the true presence of tetracromatoidit, it not only teaches us the limitations of the human senses, it can help scientists develop artificial imperfections and help us learn more about how vision works.
One thing you can not understand is what the world looks through the eyes of cDa29 because our brains actually see the color – the cells of the cone receive only the data to be processed.